This article will be discussing crypto-related sharding, one of the new implementation in the Ethereum network upgrade to ETH 2.0. However, the concept is originally part of the database architecture in computer science where it was used to split a single logical dataset and store these datasets in multiple databases…


Image from Getty Image

NFT stands for Non-Fungible Tokens. What are non-fungible tokens? First, let’s understand what are fungible items. Fungible items are things that you can exchange without the change in value for both parties, which also means they are readily interchangeable, for example, fiat money, cryptocurrency such as Bitcoin, shares etc. Non-fungible…


In distributed computation such as blockchain, one of the key characteristic for the blockchain to work is to keep functioning in the presence of multiple faulty processes or nodes. The name given to this algorithm is the Byzantine Fault Tolerance.

Solving the impossible

Let’s start with a scenario of two generals. In order…


The use of Smart Contract eliminates the need for a third part. Image from Forex Academy.

What is a Smart Contract?

The term smart contract was first used by a computer scientist and cryptographer, Nick Szabo in the 1990s, way earlier than the existence of Bitcoin. A smart contract works very similar to a normal contract, where two parties make an agreement to achieve what they promised. With the traditional contract…


Bitcoin stock photo from Unsplash

So what is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency that was created by Satoshi Nakamoto around January 2009, a year after the 2008 financial crisis. Cryptocurrency is a digital asset commonly used as a medium of exchange. Just like money where you use it to buy things you want, cryptocurrency…


Image from BitTorrent’s website

BitTorrent is a peer-to-peer file sharing and torrent platform. In 2018, a blockchain platform, TRON (TRX) purchased BitTorrent and improvement were made to the platform. The dedicated native cryptocurrency token in BitTorrent is BTT. You can bid BTT to increase your torrent download speed (up to 90% faster) and earn…


Image from BitcoinWiki.

TL;DR:

Proof of stake is a mechanism to select a validator to write the next transaction block. The validator will be rewarded for doing so. The more money you stake, the higher the chance you get to write the next transaction.

To understand the proof of stake, we will need to…


Recently I have finished this wonderful book by Ben Macintyre. This is my first book from the author and in fact, from what I have found, he has been writing this genre for some time. I picked up this book from the recommendation from Bill Gate’s blog where I mostly…


At the end of the year 2020, when I was looking for a self-help book to read, and I got a notification from Bill Gate’s newsletter where I signed up a long time ago. He was introducing his favourite books for the end of the year. This is where I…

Nicholas Tang

Amateur writer that writes about books review and the latest technology.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store